Substitutes for asbestos cement materials can be divided into two broad categories. Firstly, those products that directly substitute asbestos with another material in the same Hatschek cement process (e.g., PVA and cellulose in fibre-cement roofing). Secondly, there are also a number of wholly different products that can replace the asbestos products, for example gypsum or aluminum.
1. Present production of Asbestos related products in India, with separate quantity of AC sheets
According to Asbestos Cement Products Manufacturers Association (ACPMA), Chrysotile (White) Asbestos Cement Sheet Production for the year 2009 was 33,70,270 tons. This figure does not reveal the whole truth becasue ACPMA represents only large scale 15 companies which own 51 manufacturing units located in various states in India. Its gross annual turnover of approx Rs.4500/- crores is also based on the production figures of these very companies.
No, its consumption is rising at an alarming rate due to political and fiscal support of the Government of India. Suppression of information about asbestos hazards from citizens/consumers in India too is a factor.
Yes, but it has been suffering because of Government of India's step motherly treatment. One Congress MP from Andhra Pradesh owns the biggest asbestos company in the country.
The Bill is pending and will never lapse because Bills introduced in Rajya Sabha never lapse. This relects legislative intent and it will adversely impact white asbestos usage.
Patkar, in her letter, said that asbestos producing unit is an industry which spreads cancer in the vicinity where it is located. The asbestos plant also violated Environmental Protection Act 1986 as well as 1994 notification made under this Act. It is also in violation of the National Rehabilitation Policy 2009, said the NBA leader.
She said that in view of the gravity of the situation, socialist leader and ideologue Sachchidanand Sinha too has joined the ongoing farmers' agitation against asbestos manufacturing unit.