Make India Asbestos Free

Make India Asbestos Free
For Asbestos Free India

Ban Asbestos Network of India (BANI) works for Asbestos Free India inspired by trade union leader Purnendu Majumadar. Occupational Health India and ToxicsWatch Alliance are its members that includes doctors, researchers and activists. BANI demands criminal liability for companies and medico-legal remedy for victims. It works with trade unions, human rights, environmental, consumer and public health groups. For Details:1715krishna@gmail.com, oshindia@yahoo.in

Friday, November 9, 2012

ToxicsWatch mourns death of man who pushed for asbestos registry for public buildings


ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA)
Press Release

ToxicsWatch mourns death of man who pushed for asbestos registry for public buildings

Russia may ban asbestos, French leader charged with manslaughter for promoting asbestos use 

Indian Navy against Russian asbestos, Govts ignore NHRC’s notice seeking response on banning white asbestos 

New Delhi November 9, 2012: Governments continue to pretend ignorance about the sick buildings having asbestos, the death of Howard Willems, a building inspector who had asked his Saskatchewan provincial government in Canada to release a list of public buildings that contain asbestos underlines the significance of his demand. He died on November 8 from mesothelioma, a form of cancer that develops from inhaling asbestos fibres. In India, no building is marked asbestos due to the collusion between Government agencies and the asbestos companies. ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA) demands that all the buildings having asbestos must be marked with asbestos sign and a Danger Symbol. TWA demands that details about asbestos containment in public buildings be listed online.

Before his death, Howard Willems said in media interviews last week that people should know if they’re going into buildings that have asbestos — especially if there is construction work. In India, asbestos continues to be used in the buildings all the constructions workers, labour inspectors and residents under those buildings are under threat of exposure of asbestos fibers. 

In India, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)’s notices on gnawing public concerns from lung cancer causing asbestos have been ignored in general.Howard Willems died after a long battle with mesothelioma, a rare form of cancer that comes from inhaling asbestos fibres. Willems used to work as a building inspector for 31 years. Willems had said the buildings he entered were not marked and there was no warning on the insulating material. He added he would have taken steps to protect himself had he known there was asbestos in the buildings he inspected.

Ongoing anti-asbestos struggle in Bihar and Odisha shows that if the governments do not act to save public health informed citizens and villagers can act to stop such hazardous factories which are harmful to the present and future generations. In a related development, District Magistrate, Vaishali, Bihar has convened a meeting with Khet Bachao Jeevan Bachao Jansagharsh Committee, Vashali on October 10, 2012 to hear villagers’ grievance against the proposed asbestos based factory of Utkal Asbestos Limited.        

Revealing growing awareness about hazards from asbestos fibers, the news report on the delivery of the INS Vikramaditya, a former Russian naval aircraft carrier (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) dated Sep 17, 2012 published in  DefenseWorld.net stated, “India refused to use asbestos to protect the boilers from heat, fearing that the material was dangerous for the crew" according to Russian officials. The statement of the official spokesperson for the Indian Navy, Commander PVS Satish, read: “There is no question of India’s refusal to use of asbestos since it’s internationally banned. At the time of signing the contract, it was simply specified in the agreement.” This merits serious attention of the Indian ministries of commerce, finance and rural development which have been promoting its use despite concerns expressed by ministries of environment, labour, chemicals and health besides Kerala State Human Rights Commission.

It is noteworthy that Russian company is the largest supplier of asbestos to India unmindful of the fact that almost the entire developed world has banned its use. It has come to light that on September 7, 2011, the Russian Justice Ministry promulgated a law (standard SanPiN1 2.2.3.2887-11) that recognized the hazard posed by chrysotile asbestos and chrysotile-containing materials. SanPiN stands for sanitary/epidemiological rule and standard. SanPiN is a standard issued by the Russian authorities responsible for the regulation of the manufacture and use of, and exposure to, chemicals. In the recent past, Russian asbestos companies have frustrated efforts by the WHO to adopt measures to prevent future asbestos-related diseases and regulations by UN’s Rotterdam Convention. In June 2011, a technical regulation drafted by the Russian Federal State Unitary Enterprise proposed a ban on asbestos in friction materials, enforceable throughout the Eurasian Economic Community, members of which include Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Belarus. The adoption of standard SanPiN 2.2.3.2887-11 signals the beginning of the end of Russian asbestos production. ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA) hopes that Russian Government will succeed in resisting the harmful influence of Russian asbestos industry.

It is strange that Russian authorities who are rightly planning to ban asbestos allowed presence of asbestos in INS Vikramaditya, a former Russian naval aircraft carrier (formerly Admiral Gorshkov) although asbestos use is banned by International Maritime Organisation and World Health Organisation (WHO) and International Labor Organisation (ILO) has called for elimination of all kinds of asbestos.  

Meanwhile, in a significant development, a former French leader Martine Aubry has been charged with manslaughter and is under investigation for failing to protect industrial workers from asbestos. According to the news article published in Expatica, November 7, 2012, “Aubry was accused of having helped to delay the implementation in France of a 1983 European Union directive designed to strengthen the protection of workers dealing with asbestos.” Aubry denied the charges and allegations against her, stating it is a “profound insult to who I am and the professional and political choices I have made throughout my life.” Martine Aubry, the former leader of France's governing Socialist Party, has been charged with manslaughter in a probe into whether state negligence contributed to thousands of deaths caused by asbestos exposure. The charges against Aubry relate to her time as a senior official in the ministry of social affairs, a major figure in French politics. As the ministry's director of industrial relations from 1984-87, Aubry is accused of having helped to delay the implementation in France of a 1983 European Union directive designed to strengthen the protection of workers dealing with asbestos.

Aubry bowed to pressure from industrialists lobbying against a complete ban on the use of the material and that she ignored warnings from French health authorities of a mushrooming epidemic of cancers and terminal lung diseases. Aubry, the daughter of former European Commission President Jacques Delors is caught in a far-reaching probe into how the French authorities handled the emerging evidence of the dangers posed by asbestos between 1970 and 1997, when the material was finally banned. The specific charges against her relate to the case of workers employed at the Fereo-Valeo auto-components factory in Normandy. Asbestos was once widely used for car brake pads. An estimated 3,000 people currently die prematurely every year in France as a result of asbestos poisoning and there have been pessimistic predictions that the death rate could nearly treble over the next decade because of exposure in the 70s and 80s. Aubry was formally charged in the early hours of November 7, 2012.

Signaling the possibility of Indian asbestos manufacturers facing a similar fate, in a path breaking judgment, an Italian court in Turin convicted Schmidheiny, a Swiss tycoon and De Cartier, a Belgian baron of negligence over some 2,200 asbestos-related deaths on February 13, 2012. The court held that the two had failed to comply with safety rules at building firm Eternit, where they were key shareholders. Their charges carry a maximum 12-year term. Eternit closed its operations in Italy in 1986 - six years before asbestos was banned in the country.

It is noteworthy that the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had issued notices on July 6, 2011 on banning the use of white asbestos, to all states and territories along with several Union Ministries and asked them to file a status report on it within four weeks.  The NHRC's action came as it took cognisance of a complaint by TWA alleging that around 50,000 people die every year in the country due to asbestos related cancer. Only the States of Mizoram, Nagaland and the National Institute of Occupational Health Ahmedabad have submitted the reports. The NHRC issued reminders on 21st May, 2012, returnable in six weeks, to the Chief Secretaries of all States/Union Territories and other concerned authorities at Centre who have failed to submit requisite reports so far.

NHRC's intervention has been sought for a ban on the use of Chrysotile Asbestos known as white asbestos, which is hazardous for the health and causes various incurable diseases. In the complaint, contradictory position of the government has been cited on the issue and alleged that though mining of asbestos has been technically banned by the government, the government allows its import and that too from the countries which do not prefer its domestic use.  TWA, the complainant has also requested for grant of a compensation package for present and future victims of asbestos related diseases.

The NHRC has issued notices to secretaries of Ministries of Chemical Fertilizers, Environment and Forest, Health and Family Welfare, Industry and Commerce, Labour and Chief Secretaries of all the States and Union Territories. The white asbestos is a fibrous material used for building roofs and walls. White asbestos is considered a hazardous chemical substance for human lung and over 55 countries in the world have banned its use. However, it is being used in a number of industries like construction in India, affecting the workers, their families, communities in the vicinity of the asbestos based factories and consumers.  

For Details: Gopal Krishna, Convener, ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA), Mb: 9818089660, E-mail: krishna1715@gmail.com, Web: toxicswatch.blogspot.com

Thursday, November 8, 2012

Man who pushed for asbestos registry for Sask. public buildings dies

Man who pushed for asbestos registry for Sask. public buildings dies
 

Howard Willems, who had asked the province to release a list of public buildings that contain asbestos, died Thursday from mesothelioma, a form of cancer that develops from inhaling asbestos fibres.

Photograph by: Gord Waldner , The StarPhoenix files

SASKATOON — A Saskatchewan man who urged the province to make lists available to everyone of public buildings that contain asbestos is dead.
The family of Howard Willems says he died peacefully Thursday after a long battle with mesothelioma, a rare form of cancer that comes from inhaling asbestos fibres.
Willems’ stepson, Jesse Todd, says his stepfather had been sedated for the last 48 hours and last spoke Tuesday.
“He gathered the family around and said he’d had enough and he was tired,” Todd said in a phone interview from Saskatoon. “Just wanted to go in peace.”
Willems worked as a building inspector for 31 years. Last week he said in media interviews that people should know if they’re going into buildings that have asbestos — especially if there is construction work.
Asbestos was frequently used in building materials, such as insulation and roofing, until the late 1970s. It is not considered harmful if undisturbed, but construction work stirs up hazardous fibres that can be inhaled.
Willems had said the buildings he entered were not marked and there was no warning on the insulating material. He added he would have taken steps to protect himself had he known there was asbestos in the buildings he inspected.
Willems spoke out as the Opposition NDP introduced a private member’s bill in the Saskatchewan legislature that would require that details about asbestos containment in public buildings be listed online.
Todd says Willems tried to make a difference.
“He just hopes that all this does bring about change in the end. You know, this was his wish.”
The World Health Organization estimates that 107,000 people die globally each year from asbestos-related disease.

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

French Leader Charged with Manslaughter, Under Investigation for Asbestos Related Deaths

Below is an article in English, French Leader Charged with Manslaughter, Under Investigation for Asbestos Related Deaths, and below that is an article on the same topic that appeared in the Quebec La Presse newspaper. The La Presse article also referred to the possibility of taking legal action against Canadian officials. Kathleen Ruff's translation of that part:
(Paris) While Quebec is putting an end to the mining of asbestos, the French court questioned the use of this product, that was permitted by the public authorities to be used in the country until 1997. The exercise could lead to the indictment of several former officials suspected of having neglected the health warnings, says our reporter.............................
The judicial developments taking place in France and Italy are inspiring Canadian activists opposed to asbestos, like Kathleen Ruff, who does not exclude seeing the possibility of seeing Canadian officials one day brought before the courts.

The Quebec and federal governments, together with industrial asbestos, minimized the hazards posed by the use of the product, she says, and should be held accountable in this regard.

"Nothing will change if people are not held accountable for what they did," said the activist, joined Vancouver.
 
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French Leader Charged with Manslaughter, Under Investigation for Asbestos Related Deaths
Expatica, 07/11/2012
Former French leader Martine Aubry has been charged with manslaughter and is under investigation for failing to protect industrial workers from asbestos. According to the article, “Aubry was accused of having helped to delay the implementation in France of a 1983 European Union directive designed to strengthen the protection of workers dealing with asbestos.” Aubry denied the charges and allegations against her, stating it is a “profound insult to who I am and the professional and political choices I have made throughout my life.” Staff Report, Expatica 11/07/2012
Martine Aubry, the former leader of France's governing Socialist Party, has been charged with manslaughter in a probe into whether state negligence contributed to thousands of deaths caused by asbestos exposure.
The charges against Aubry relate to her time as a senior official in the ministry of social affairs, before she became a major figure in French politics.
As the ministry's director of industrial relations from 1984-87, Aubry is accused of having helped to delay the implementation in France of a 1983 European Union directive designed to strengthen the protection of workers dealing with asbestos.
The examining magistrate in the case believes Aubry bowed to pressure from industrialists lobbying against a complete ban on the use of the material and that she ignored warnings from French health authorities of a mushrooming epidemic of cancers and terminal lung diseases.
Aubry has strongly denied all the charges, describing them as a "profound insult to who I am and the professional and political choices I have made throughout my life."
Aubry, the daughter of former European Commission President Jacques Delors, has found herself caught up in a far-reaching probe into how the French authorities handled the emerging evidence of the dangers posed by asbestos between 1970 and 1997, when the material was finally banned.
The specific charges against her relate to the case of workers employed at the Fereo-Valeo auto-components factory in Normandy. Asbestos was once widely used for car brake pads.
An estimated 3,000 people currently die prematurely every year in France as a result of asbestos poisoning and there have been pessimistic predictions that the death rate could nearly treble over the next decade because of exposure in the 70s and 80s.
Lawyers for Aubry, who was formally charged in the early hours of Wednesday following a marathon session with the magistrate, were expected to lodge a request for the charges to be dropped later in the day.
France: après le sang contaminé, l'amiante?
La juge d'instruction Odile Bertella-Geoffroy souhaite mettre en... (Photo : Kenzo Tribouillard, AFP)
La juge d'instruction Odile Bertella-Geoffroy souhaite mettre en examen pour «homicides involontaires» l'ex-première secrétaire du Parti socialiste Martine Aubry.
Photo : Kenzo Tribouillard, AFP
Marc Thibodeau  La Presse, le 03 novembre 2012
(Paris) Tandis que le Québec met le holà sur la production d'amiante, la justice française s'interroge sur l'utilisation de ce produit, permise par les autorités publiques sur le territoire national jusqu'en 1997. L'exercice pourrait mener à la mise en accusation de plusieurs anciens hauts responsables soupçonnés d'avoir négligé les mises en garde sanitaires, relate notre journaliste.
Le dossier de l'amiante débouchera-t-il en France sur l'inculpation de plusieurs hauts responsables de l'État comme l'a fait le scandale du sang contaminé?
Le scénario, que les associations de victimes de l'amiante appellent de leurs voeux depuis longtemps, pourrait se concrétiser prochainement après des années d'enquête et risque de toucher au moins une personnalité politique connue.
La juge d'instruction chargée du dossier, Odile Bertella-Geoffroy, souhaite notamment mettre en examen pour «homicides involontaires» l'ex-première secrétaire du Parti socialiste Martine Aubry, pour son rôle comme directrice des relations du travail au ministère du Travail, dans les années 80.
Selon le quotidien Le Figaro, Mme Aubry se voit notamment reprocher d'avoir transposé trop tardivement une circulaire européenne de 1983 destinée à réduire l'empoussièrement dans les usines.
La politicienne a été convoquée en octobre par la magistrate, mais a évoqué un problème d'horaire pour reporter la rencontre, qui doit avoir lieu mardi prochain.
Cette semaine, ses avocats ont fait savoir qu'ils entendaient présenter des requêtes en nullité pour contester toutes les mises en examen «qui ont été ou qui pourraient être prononcées» contre elle. D'autres anciens hauts fonctionnaires des ministères du Travail et de la Santé entendent en faire autant.
Les avocats se sont dits «stupéfaits de voir que ceux qui ont consacré la plus grande partie de leur vie à protéger les droits de nos concitoyens soient mis en examen ou susceptibles de l'être, et non entendus comme témoins».
L'Association nationale de défense des victimes de l'amiante (Andeva) se félicite pour sa part des derniers développements dans ce dossier.
«Après 16 ans d'instruction, il serait temps qu'en France, les pouvoirs publics fassent enfin preuve de leur détermination à voir tous les responsables de cette catastrophe rendre des comptes à la justice», relève l'organisation.
Marc Hindry, administrateur d'Andeva, note que la justice française a longtemps traîné les pieds. L'affaire a d'abord été confiée, dit-il, à des magistrats surchargés ou peu intéressés par les questions de santé publique avant d'être prise en charge par Mme Bertella-Geoffroy au sein d'un pôle d'enquête consacré à ce type de question.
Les difficultés multiples qu'elle a dû surmonter pour faire avancer l'enquête témoignent, selon lui, du fait qu'il n'y a «au minimum aucune volonté» sur le plan politique de la voir réussir.
Pas de volonté politique
«Dans un pays où l'on fait une enquête dès qu'il y a un mort sur la route, il est quand même bizarre de constater qu'il n'y a pas de volonté de la part des autorités de faire la lumière sur une affaire qui a fait entre 40 000 et 50 000 morts», dit-il.
M. Hindry, qui enseigne à l'Université Jussieu, établissement où plusieurs personnes ont été victimes d'une forte exposition à l'amiante, ne s'attendait pas à ce que l'enquête mène à une mise en cause de Martine Aubry, mais il ne s'en étonne pas.
L'ancienne haute responsable a joué un rôle important dans la mise sur pied d'un fonds d'indemnisation pour les victimes de l'amiante. Elle était néanmoins en poste, dit-il, à un moment-clé dans les années 80 où la France ne faisait «rien» pendant que plusieurs autres pays s'inquiétaient du produit.
«Il est tout à fait normal que la juge veuille l'entendre pour comprendre pourquoi les autorités n'ont rien fait», souligne M. Hindry, qui espère voir un procès ciblant des responsables publiques se concrétiser d'ici «deux ou trois ans».
L'enquête cible aussi une demi-douzaine d'anciens membres du Comité permanent amiante, un comité mixte qui a tout fait dans les années 80, au dire d'Andeva, pour prolonger l'utilisation du produit malgré les risques.
Les militants de l'organisation se disent encouragés par la condamnation cette année, en Italie, de deux hauts responsables d'une firme, Eternit, qui produisait de l'amiante-ciment. Des peines de prison de 16 ans fermes leur ont été imposées pour la mort «volontaire» de 3000 personnes indûment exposées à l'amiante.
Les développements juridiques en cours en France et en Italie inspirent les militants canadiens opposés à l'amiante comme Kathleen Ruff, qui n'exclut pas de voir de hauts responsables canadiens amenés un jour devant les tribunaux.
Les gouvernements québécois et fédéral, de concert avec les industriels de l'amiante, ont minimisé, selon elle, les risques posés par l'usage du produit et devraient rendre des comptes à ce sujet.
«Rien ne va changer si les gens ne sont pas tenus responsables de ce qu'ils ont fait», affirme la militante, jointe à Vancouver.
Kathleen Ruff
9:28 AM (54 minutes ago)

to list
Martine Aubry, the former leader of France’s governing Socialist Party, has been charged with manslaughter in a probe into whether state negligence contributed to thousands of deaths caused by asbestos exposure.
The charges against Aubry relate to her time as a senior official in the ministry of social affairs, before she became a major figure in French politics.
As the ministry’s director of industrial relations from 1984-87, Aubry is accused of having helped to delay the implementation in France of a 1983 European Union directive designed to strengthen the protection of workers dealing with asbestos.
The examining magistrate in the case believes Aubry bowed to pressure from industrialists lobbying against a complete ban on the use of the material and that she ignored warnings from French health authorities of a mushrooming epidemic of cancers and terminal lung diseases.
Aubry has strongly denied all the charges, describing them as a “profound insult to who I am and the professional and political choices I have made throughout my life.”
Aubry, the daughter of former European Commission President Jacques Delors, has found herself caught up in a far-reaching probe into how the French authorities handled the emerging evidence of the dangers posed by asbestos between 1970 and 1997, when the material was finally banned.
The specific charges against her relate to the case of workers employed at the Fereo-Valeo auto-components factory in Normandy. Asbestos was once widely used for car brake pads.
An estimated 3,000 people currently die prematurely every year in France as a result of asbestos poisoning and there have been pessimistic predictions that the death rate could nearly treble over the next decade because of exposure in the 70s and 80s.
Lawyers for Aubry, who was formally charged in the early hours of Wednesday following a marathon session with the magistrate, were expected to lodge a request for the charges to be dropped later in the day.
                                                        ==                                     ==
An article on the same topic in the Quebec La Presse newspaper also raised the possibility of taking legal action against Canadian officials.
Translation:
While Quebec is putting an end to the mining of asbestos, the French court questioned the use of this product, that was permitted by the public authorities to be used in the country until 1997. The exercise could lead to the indictment of several former officials suspected of having neglected the health warnings, says our reporter ……..

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